Heat Plan Greater Copenhagen

Denmark | October 2012 - October 2014

The heating companies in Copenhagen, CTR, HOFOR and VEKS has carried out the third phase of Heat Plan Greater Copenhagen. During the project the development of the heating system of Greater Copenhagen towards 2050 has been analysed.
Three different paths to a CO2-neutral district heating has been analysed, and identified that the best way to go is a scenario, where the short-term focus is on sustainable biomass instead of coal at Amagerværket and Avedøreværket to ensure CO2-neutral district heating to Greater Copenhagen in 2025.

Sustainable biomass and CHP is the right way to go at this time, if the ambitious climate targets is to be achieved and a reasonable heating price is secured. At the same time, the scenario shows that alternative technologies such as heat pumps and geothermal energy must be further developed and gradually phased into the district heating system in order to diversify supply and reduce biomass consumption.

The project had the following specific objectives:

  • To analyse and reconcile the mayor investments to be made in net and production the next 10-15 years.
  • To draw a perspective scenario for district heating towards 2050, including an assessment of the long-term role of biomass in district heating.
  • To analyse the development of the heating market up to 2050.
  • To analyse the role of the waste treatment plants in district heating in the future.
  • To inform and involve the owner municipalities and other stakeholders about the development of the district heating system of Greater Copenhagen.
  • To provide the basis for evaluating possible increased connectivity in the heating networks among others in Northern Zealand.
  • To analyse and quantify the possibilities to contribute to integration of fluctuating electricity production in the future energy system.

The purpose with the third phase of Heat plan Greater Copenhagen was to extend the foundation for the decisions, which is faced the coming years, and to provide the basis for the communication with the stakeholders. The project builds on results from the two previous phases.