Publications

The list of publications below illustrates the types of publications we are working on.

2021

Potentialet for nye teknologier i el- og fjernvarmesektoren (in Danish)

An analysis of alternatives to biomass in the electricity and heat supply.

The analysis was carried out for Dansk Energi and Dansk Fjernvarme

Technology Data for the Indonesian Power Sector

Catalogue for generation and storage of electricity. Update of the 2017 Indonesian technology catalogue

China Renewable Energy Outlook 2020

Published with support from the Danish Energy Agency, Energinet and Ea Energy Analyses

Deployment of bio-CCS: case study on bio-combined heat and power

Several biomass CHPs are now also looking into opportunities from bio-CCUS, one of them being HOFOR in Copenhagen, Denmark. While HOFOR is fairly confident about the technological readiness of the CO2 capture component of deploying bio-CCUS at its Amager facility, there are still questions regarding whether the captured CO2 should be sequestered or used as raw material for e.g., synthetic aviation fuels. Developing business models and getting strong long-term policy signals will be key for project deployment.

Deployment of bio-CCS: case study on bioelectricity

Drax Power Station in North Yorkshire in England is the world’s largest generator of bioelectricity. Its parent company, Drax Group plc has a stated ambition to become a carbon-negative company by 2030, and are in the process of investigating and piloting the setup of a bio-CCS value chain. Drax do not see any major technological obstacles to full-scale deployment of the CO2 capture phase, but several building blocks remain that need to come into place for the full value chain to be deployed. Key among these are transport & storage infrastructure and public policy that incentivizes companies to produce negative emissions.

Deployment of bio-CCS: case study on Waste-to-Energy

Fortum Oslo Varme (FOV) is planning to deploy CCS at its waste-to-energy facility in Oslo. The facility is Oslo’s largest single source of GHG emissions and it is imperative to address these to meet the city’s ambition to reduce its GHG emissions by 95% in the period 2009-2030.

EAPP Power Balance Statement 2020

The second EAPP power balance statement, covering the years
2021-2030.

Yearly account 2020

Signed account for 2020

2020

Offshore wind and infrastructure

On behalf of Ørsted, Ea Energy Analyses has carried out an analysis of the synergies between a considerable extension of offshore wind parks and the rising need for transmission networks supporting a European energy system free of fossil fuels.

Tracking Nordic Clean Energy Progress 2020

Prepared for the Nordic Energy Research together with Gaia Group

Yearly account 2019

Signed account

TASK 40 ACTIVITIES OCTOBER 2019 – JUNE 2020

Deplyment on biomass based value chains. Newsletter June 2020

The value of electricity storage

An outlook on services and market opportunities in the Danish and international electricity markets

Task 40 webinar 16/06/2020

Slides from Task 40 webinar on June 16th 2020 - "Deployment of BECCS/U - technologies, supply chain setup & policy options"

Value chains in bioenergy carbon capture and storage

IEA Bioenergy Task 40 report titled "Deployment of BECCS/U value chains"

Roadmap for Elektrificering i Danmark (in Danish)

The report "Roadmap for elektrificering i Danmark" was made by Ea Energy Analyses for Energifonden.

Roadmap: Udfasning af naturgas til rumvarme – Hovedrapport (in Danish)

Report focusing on a strategy for phasing out natural gas for indoor heating

Electricity Price Projections

A brochure on the electricity price forecasts offered by Ea Energy Analyses

Liberalisation of the Danish power sector

Report prepared by Ea Energy Analyses for the Danish Energy Agency

Liberalisation of the Danish power sector – presentation

Slides from a panel debate on the topic of Danish experiences in liberalising and unbundling the power sector. The panel debate took place in September 2020.

Udfasning af naturgas til rumvarme – Bilagsrapport (in Danish)

A strategy for phasing out natural gas used for indoor heating in homes and the trade and service sectors.

Udfasning af naturgas – forbrugerpreferencer (in Danish)

A presentation on consumers' attitudes and approaches to replacing gas boilers

Hainan Clean Energy Island

Report made for the Danish Energy Agency

Brint og PtX i fremtidens energisystem (in Danish)

Brief prepared for Dansk Energi

14 initiativer til CO2-reduktion fra bygningsdrift (in Danish)

Report published by Tekniq Arbejdsgiverne, with contributions by Ea Energy Analyses

Kapacitetstilpasningsplan for affald – Analyserapport (in Danish)

Report prepared by Ea Energy Analysis for KL, the Danish national association of municipalities.

Bygninger i energisystemet (report in Danish)

Report prepared for TEKNIQ Arbejdsgiverne

Strategic energy plan for Sønderborg (in Danish)

Development towards the ProjectZero target in 2029 and the DK2020 target in 2050. Prepared by Planenergi and Ea Energianalyse

Scenarier for drivhusgasudledning (in Danish)

Analyses for use in Frederiksberg Municipality's DK2020 participation

2019

The Lombok Energy Outlook 2030

Analysis of the potential evolution of the Lombok power system. Prepared in collaboration with the Danish Energy Agency

EAPP Power Balance Statement 2019

The first EAPP Power Balance Statement

Roadmap 2025 / Sonderborg

50 steps towards a carbon neutral Sonderborg

IEA Bioenergy Task 33 Country Report 2019

IEA Bioenergy Task 33 Country Report 2019.

Yearly account 2018

Signed account

Tracking Nordic Clean Energy Progress 2019

Prepared for the Nordic Energy Research together with Gaia Group

North Sulawesi and Gorontalo Regional Energy Outlook

The report explores the potential development of the power system in the medium (2030) and long (2050) term.

Riau Regional Energy Outlook

Analyses of long term development (2050).

South Kalimantan Regional Energy Outlook

Analyses of long term development (2030 and 2050).

Indonesian Energy Outlook 2019

Analyses of long term development (2050)

Power System Impact and GRIDSOL potential

The report was made as part of the GRIDSOL project

Task 32 newsletter from December 2019 (in Danish)

Newsletter for Task 32 from December 2019, in Danish

Analyse af det samfundsøkonomiske potentiale for energibesparelser (in Danish)

Danish report made by Ea Energy Analyses for SYNERGI

The role of natural gas in the energy system towards 2050

Report developed by Ea Energy Analyses for Nord Stream 2 A/G.

Region Report on flexibility measures for system integration of variable renewable energy

Report produced by the Danish Energy Agency, with contributions from Ea Energy Analyses

Det danske træpillemarked 2018 (in Danish)

An analysis carried out for the Danish Energy Agency

Vietnam Technology Catalogue 2019

Technology data input for power system modelling in Viet Nam

Vietnam Energy Outlook 2019 (in Vietnamese)

The Vietnam Energy Outlook report for 2019 in Vietnamese

TIMES Data Report

TIMES data report, a background report to the Vietnam Energy Outlook Report for 2019

Technical report (Vietnam EOR 2019)

Technical background report to the Vietnam Energy Outlook Report for 2019

Grid Modelling of the Vietnamese Power System

Grid Modelling of the Vietnamese Power System - Background report to the Vietnam Energy Outlook Report 2019

Balmorel Data Report

Balmorel Data Report - Background to Vietnam Energy Outlook Report 2019

Fuel Price Projections

Fuel price projections - background to the Vietnam Energy Outlook Report 2019

2018

Study on Baltic offshore wind energy cooperation under BEMIP

Prepared for the EU Commission in collaboration with COWI and Thema Consulting group

National Biomass Heat Supply Development Strategy for China

The project was funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Demand response i Litauen: Summary Report & recommendations

Recommendations about development of demand response in Lithuania.

Baltic Energy Technology Perspectives (BENTE)

Published as part of the BENTE research cooperation

Yearly account 2017

Signed account

Balmorel user guide

A user guide for Balmorel

Energiplan Nuuk (in Danish)

An analysis of the options for sustainable supply for Nuuk.

Thermal Power Plant Flexibility

Analysis of the value of power plant flexibility in a Chinese context.

Strategiudspil termisk forgasning (in Danish)

Report prepared for Partnerskabet for Termisk Forgasning

Energieffektive og intelligente bygninger i et smart energisystem (in Danish)

An assessment of the potential for contributions by buildings to flexibility in the electricity and heat systems. Made for the Danish Energy Agency in collaboration with SWECO

2017

Power Consumption, Demand and Competition Cooperation: Recommendations for the Pilots in Guangdong, Jilin, Jiangsu, and Shanghai

- The project was carried out for the U.S. Department of State through Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Green transport roadmap

An analysis about a 30% CO2 reduction in EU road transport towards 2030, made for the Danish Ecological Council.

The future role of Thermal Biomass Power in renewable energy systems

Written by Ea Energy Analyses and published by Task 32 under IEA Bioenergy.

Powering Indonesia by Wind

A report on Danish experiences with wind integration in relation to tasks and challenges in Indonesia.

Renewable energy scenarios for Vietnam

Technical background report to the Vietnam Rebewable Energy Outlook Report 2017.

Yearly account 2016

Signed account

Demand response: Potential DR services and technical requirements

This report summaries the findings from work package 1 in a demand response services feasibility study undertaken in Lithuania.

Macroeconomic Cost-Benefit Analysis for Renewable Energy Integration

An estimate of the land-based wind resource potential in Vietnam.

Integration af termisk forgasning i det danske energisystem (in Danish)

An analysis for Partnerskabet for termisk forgasning, which is supported by EUDP.

Vietnam Energy Outlook 2017

Vietnam Energy Outlook 2017, Ea Energy Analyses contributed to chapter 2

2016

Regional electricity market design – Presentation

Study for the Nordic Coucil of Ministers - Electricity Market Group

Integration of windpower

- An analysis of several initiatives to integrate wind power such as heat pumps, immersion heaters and an electric connection between Denmark and England called Viking Link.

Indonesia Energy Outlook 2016

Project was carried out in close cooperation with the DEA and the Indonesian national energy council.

RE Expansion and Integration Possibilities in Vietnam: Future Perspectives

Insights from long-term power system development
scenario study using the Balmorel model

Renewable energy scenarios for Mexico

Background report to the Mexican Renewable Energy Outlook, 2016, in English and Spanish.

Analysis of future electricity prices

It is investigated how accurate forward contracts are in terms of predicting the actual electricity prices in a given year.

Development of the Ethiopian electricity sector – in a regional perspective

Presentation by Mikael Togeby at the Wind Energy Workshop in Ethiopia, held on 13-14 April, 2016, in Addis Ababa.

Yearly account 2015

Signed account

Task 32 newsletter October 2016 (in Danish)

Newsletter for Task 32, October 2016, in Danish

Work Package 1: System Reserves in the South African Power System and International Utilities

Rapport for Work Package 1 in the project "Strategy about system adequacy and reserve margin with increasing levels of variable generation"

Work Package 2: RE predictability and the need for reserves

Report for Work Package 2 in the project “Strategies about system adequacy and reserve margin with increasing level of variable generation”

Work Package 3: Stochastic analyses of adequacy

Report for Work Package 3 in the project “Strategies about system adequacy and reserve margin with increasing level of variable generation”

Regional Electricity Market Design

A look at whether current electricity market designs ensure a sufficient electricity supply at all times

System adequacy in alternative wind power scenarios

Report by Ea Energy Analyses in cooperation with Department of Wind Energy (lead) and the Department of Management Engineering, DTU.

Firewood consumption in Denmark 2015 (in Danish)

An estimate of the use of firewood and the number of stoves, open fireplaces, mass stoves and log wood boilers in Danish homes and holiday homes.

Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives 2016

Cities, flexibility and pathways to carbon-neutrality.

This Nordic ETP technology paper is the result of a collaborative effort between the International Energy Agency (IEA), Nordic Energy Research (NER), Risø DTU, Ea Energianalyse A/S, (EAEA), VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT), University of Iceland (UI), Institute For Energy Technology (IFE), Profu Ab (Profu) and IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL).

China Renewable Energy Outlook 2016 (English version)

With contributions from Lars Bregnbæk

China Renewable Energy Outlook 2016 (Chinese version)

With contributions from Lars Bregnbæk

2015

Increased Integration of the Nordic and German Electricity Systems – Summary of findings

Modelling and assessments of economic and climate effects of enhanced electrical interconnection and the additional deployment of renewable energies.

Fuel Cost – Production and infrastructure

Fuel Cost - Production and infrastructure

Vehicle energy use and cost – Desciption of method

Vehicle energy use and cost - Desciption of method

The Danish Experience with Integrating Variable Renewable Energy

An overview of the expansion with renewables in Denmark, including the challenges and solutions in the development of the energy system.

Impact of Feedback about energy consumption

A review of the existing studies of the energy savings effects of feedback.

Renewable energy in Mexico (EN)

Background report to the Mexican Renewable Energy Outlook, 2015, in English.

Renewable energy in Mexico (SP)

Background report to the Mexican Renewable Energy Outlook, 2015, in Spanish.

Implementation of Demand Side Flexibility from the perspective of Europe’s Energy Directives

A Joint Working Group Report from the Concerted Actions for the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), Renewable Energy Source (RES), Directive &
Energy Building Performance Directive (EPBD)

Energy scenarios for Greater Copenhagen (in Danish)

Scenario analysis for "Energi på Tværs"

Analyse af hovedstadsregionens fremtidige fjernvarmeforsyning (in Danish)

Analysis of the future heat supply in Greater Copenhagen

Affald – Temanotat (in Danish)

Brief on waste for "Energi på tværs"

Increased Integration of the Nordic and German Electricity Systems

Modelling and assessment of economic and climate effects of enhanced electrical interconnection and the additional deployment of renewable energies

The use of model based energy scenarios to support policy development

Description of the methodology used in the Project Support Facility (PSF) for the Mexican-Danish climate change mitigation and energy program.

Quality of Wind Power

Report by the DEA

2014

Best practises in designing and implementing energy efficiency obligation schemes

An analytical view on how to best plan and implement a successful Energy Efficiency Obligation (EEO) Scheme in Taiwan based on international experiences.

International Review of Trading Schemes for Energy Savings and Carbon Emission Reductions

A review of experience with white (Energy Savings) and green (Renewable Energy) certificates trading and carbon cap and trade. The results are drawn from analysis of policies in UK, Italy, California, India and higher level assessment of policy at EU level. It also presents preliminary recommendations for policy approaches in China.

Boosting Renewable Energy (introduction)

Presentation of the program published by CNREC, december 2014

Industrial energy efficiency policy – Practice and experience analysed for application in Egypt

The report presents international practice of developing IEE policies and provides examples of approaches and instruments that can be implemented in Egypt within the next few years.

Industrial energy efficiency policy – Approach for developing an IEE strategy and roadmap for Egypt

The report describes the key elements of a strategy plus a 10-year roadmap for an industrial energy efficiency policy framework in Egypt and an approach to developing these.

Future EU energy and climate regulation

The study analyses the impact of different EU energy and climate policy measures on the electricity markets in the Nordic countries and Germany in 2030.

Electricity grid expansion in the context of renewables integration in the Baltic Sea Region.

An analyses of how the increasing deployment of renewables will affect the demand for reinforcement and expansion of the electricity transmission grid in the Baltic Sea Region.

Strategic energy planning in Denmark at municipal and regional level

A brief presentation of the 14 partnership project prepared for use at COP21

Fjernvarmens rolle i den fremtidige energiforsyning (in Danish)

Report made for the Danish Energy Agency

Transportsektorens energiforbrug og CO2 emission frem mod 2035 (in Danish)

Made by Ea Energy Analyses for Energi- og olieforum

Socioeconomic value of waste import (in Danish)

Report made for Dansk Affaldsforening

2013

Analysis of biomass prices – Future Danish prices for straw, wood chips and wood pellets “Final report”

A study of biomass fuel prices for the DEA as part of the long-term projections and fuel prices for socio-economic analyses.

Promotion of electric vehicles

A study of which international incentives and measures that can be used to promote electric vehicles in Denmark. The study focused on the EU and the national incentives in the member states.

Analyse af samspil til energisystemet

Presentation from Anders Kofoed-Wiuff at the conference on the 21st of January 2016

Welfare economic prices of coal, petroleum products and natural gas

Update of add-ons to international forecast for projection of Danish prices at consumption

Update of fossil fuel and CO2 price projection assumptions

The Report describes the methodological approach and data foundation for periodical updating of the fuel prices projection assumptions, as well as dealing with the integration of the latest projections from IEA World Energy Outlook and market developments since.

To scenarier for tilpasning af affaldsforbrændingskapaciteten i Danmark (in Danish)

Analysis of adapting the capacity for waste incineration, conducted for the Danish Waste Association

Fremtidens elpristavle (in Danish)

A look at the possible improvements in the development of a new electricity price overlook, as well as the options for organisation and operation in the future.

Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserve

Main report from the research project “Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserve – Implementation and practical demonstration”, which was financed by the EUDP 89 programme

2012

Spendings to save: Evaluation of the Energy Efficiency Obligation in Denmark

An evaluation on whether the agreed framework and guidelines for the energy efficiency obligation are adequate and functioning properly.

Bhutan – A national strategy and action plan for low carbon development

A long-term national strategy and action plan for low-carbon development to enable Bhutan to fulfill its commitment of remaining carbon neutral.

Biogas SOEC – Electrochemical upgrading og biogas to pipeline quality by means of SEOC electrolysis.

Analysis of under what circumstances the technology is commercially attractive to use.

EU Actionplan

- how to enhance regional energy cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region. Brief overview of the energy situation in the region. Two general scenarios for the energy and transport sectors that comply with the strategic energy and climate goals.

2011

The Nordic electricity market and how it can be improved

- Assessment of common issues and measures that can improve the Nordic electricity market, with particular focus on the end-user.

The Future Requirements for Flexibility in the Energy System

- An analysis of the future requirements for flexibility in the energy system and possible means to cover this need for the municipality of Aarhus.

Overview of European Union climate and energy policies

- a background paper providing an Overview of EU Climate and Energy Policies.

Cowichan Valley Energy Mapping and Modelling REPORT 6 – Findings and Recommendations

- an energy mapping and modelling of the Cowichan Valley Regional District in Canada.

Cowichan Valley Energy Mapping and Modelling REPORT 5 – Energy Density Mapping Projections

- an energy mapping and modelling of the Cowichan Valley Regional District in Canada.

Cowichan Valley Energy Mapping and Modelling REPORT 3 – Analysis of Potentially Applicable Distributed Energy Opportunities

- an energy mapping and modelling of the Cowichan Valley Regional District in Canada.

Cowichan Valley Energy Mapping and Modelling REPORT 2 – Energy Consumption and Density Mapping

- an energy mapping and modelling of the Cowichan Valley Regional District in Canada.

Cowichan Valley Energy Mapping and Modelling REPORT 1 – GIS Mapping of Potential Renewable Energy Sources

an energy mapping and modelling of the Cowichan Valley Regional District in Canada.

Presentation: Energy Policy Strategies of the Baltic Sea Region for the Post-Kyoto Period

- A study of possible energy strategies for the Baltic Sea Region for 2020 and after.

Energy Policy Strategies of the Baltic Sea Region for the Post-Kyoto Period

- A study of possible energy strategies for the Baltic Sea Region for 2020 and after.

Analysis of changes in LCOE for wind power since REFIT 2009

Levelised costs of electricity since South Africa introduced a Feed-in-Tariff for renewable energies.

Costs and benefits of implementing renewable energy policy in South Africa

Results of a power system model of the South African electricity system.

Electric vehicles in future market models

Report for the EDISON project (Electric vehicles in a Distributed and Integrated market using Sustainable energy and Open Networks)

2010

Sustainable Supply Chain Management Analysis of the Bioenergy Resources in Randers, Norddjurs and Syddjurs

- possibilities of increased use of biomass for energy production and consequences of utilisation of the individual resources.

The effect of building regulations on energy consumption in single-family houses in Denmark

- A paper that explores how changes in regulatory requirements for energy efficiency in buildings (in the US also known as building energy codes) affect household energy consumption. Presented at the ECEEE 2011 Summer Study - Energy efficiency first: The foundation of a low-carbon society, France, 6-11 June 2011

Analysis of the market for bio energy – locally and internationally

- market potential for biogas and biomass heat and power applications. Opportunities and barriers for development of such biomass markets locally and internationally.

Paths to a fossil free energy supply

- how the development of the energy supply in Denmark and the neighbouring regions can become CO2-neutral towards 2050.

Wind Power in Estonia

- technical wind power capacity, how to deal with uncertainty about forecasting of the wind power production, additional system costs, role of the electricity market etc.

Introducing electric vehicles into the current electricity markets

Report made as part of the EDISON project (Electric vehicles in a Distributed and Integrated market using Sustainable energy and Open Networks)

2009

Intelligent Energy Systems

- state of the art in intelligence and dynamics in the various parts of the electricity system. Selected Danish and international initiatives.

Sustainable energy scenarios

Energy Perspectives for the Kaliningrad Region as an Integrated Part of the Baltic Sea Region (English version)

Minivindmøller i København

Report in Danish made for Copehagen Municipality.

Handlingsplan for Djurs Energiland

Report made for Norddjurs and Syddjurs Municipalities

Grønne afgifter for erhvervene (in Danish)

Prepared for Det Økologiske Råd (now Rådet for Grøn Omstilling).

2008

Danish energy efficiency policy: revisited and future improvements

Evaluation of energy efficiency obligation

Large Scale Wind Power in New Brunswick – A regional scenario study towards 2025

Report made for the system operator, NBSO, in the Eastern Canadian province New Brunswick.

Danish Greenhouse Gas Reduction Scenarios for 2020 and 2050

Report made together with the DTU Risø for the Danish Energy Agency

Vindmøllers økonomi

Final report in Danish. Contains English summary

2007

Future Energy Systems in Europe

- two possible ways to reorganise the energy systems and transport systems in the EU to reduce CO2 emissions and oil consumption by 50 per cent by 2030.

Congestion Management in the Nordic Market – evaluation of different market models

- technical and economic consequences of congestion management in the Nordic electricity market and the most important alternatives to the existing scheme.

The electricity tariff system, consumption and purchasing pattern and energy efficiency in low-income households in Cape Town

- possibilities for optimising the fight against energy poverty through energy efficiency, electricity tariffs and general activities. The electricity tariff system, consumption and purchasing patterns and energy efficiency in low-income households in Cape Town
Paper by Edward James-Smith & Mikael Togeby for the conference "Domestic Use of Energy", Cape Town, 18-20 March 2007

Steps for improved congestion management

The report presents a number of analyses with focus on the economic advantages and disadvantages of electricity trade. The report was made by COWI and Ea Energy Analyses for Nordisk Ministerråds Elmarkedsgruppe

2006
2005

Climate Change and the Future Nordic Energy System

- impacts of different types of climate changes compared to other possible developments for the Nordic energy system.

Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve – Final report

Different household technologies and their use as frequency-controlled reserve.

Quantitative Valuation of Demand Response in Power Markets

- assessment of a Monte Carlo approach for determining the value of demand response in the Nordic power market.

Analyses of Demand Response in Denmark

- demand response in the electricity market, using Denmark and the Nord Pool market as a case study.

The future of district heating in the Greater Copenhagen area

Energy efficiency & CO2 reduction
PSI Workshop at COP 15
Copenhagen December 14 2009