Scenarios for low carbon transition and RE development in China

Balmorel: Power system model | January 2013 - July 2013

In cooperation with China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC), the Japanese National Institute of Environmental Studies, and the Danish Energy Agency, Ea Energy Analyses developed energy scenarios for extension of renewable energy and reduction of carbon emissions in China.

At a summit in Beijing the scenarios were discussed, among others, between the Danish Minister for Climate, Energy and Buildings Martin Lidegaard and the Deputy Director General Mr Liu Qi of NEA (National Energy Administration)l. The scenarios highlighted the largest challenges in obtaining a Chinese energy system with a large amount of RE and the challenges in preparing RE scenarios for China.

It was agreed to keep working on the scenarios, that the scenarios are to be used as inspiration to the next Chinese five-year plan, and that the scenarios provide a framework and a common vision for the other activities in the Danish-Chinese energy cooperation.

The results formed a basis for a more detailed energy planning at national and provincial level, ensuring that the planning carried out in the provinces does not conflict with the overall national planning of energy supply and energy transport.

Development of an analysis model

Ea Energy Analyses worked closely with CNREC for a year and a half on training and development of their electricity and district heating optimisation model CREAM-EDO (China National Renewable Energy Analysis Model – Electricity and District heating Optimisation) based on the Balmorel model (

The model represented China’s electricity and district heating sectors at the provincial level, based on detailed plant data, technology catalogue, etc. The CREAM-EDO model is now a key element of CNRECs analysis platform and is now used for planning and analysis projects of the overall energy system, technology development, and analysis of e.g. integration of RE in a single city or province.