Ea Energy Analyses conducted a review of existing studies of the energy saving effects of feedback. Feedback on energy consumptions is described as an instrument to promote energy savings.
The study assessed the quality of the many analyses and summarise the effect to be expected of different types of feedback, for example the connection between heat consumption and information of consumption based on manual reading of meters.
The EU energy efficiency directive requires the use of feedback emphasizing that users should receive billing information regularly.
Ea Energy Analyses conducted the study for the Danish Energy Agency in the period March 2015 to May 2015.
A subsequent analyses was made for the Danish Energy Agency on the costs associated with frequent billing information to energy consumers.
AECOM (2011): “Energy Demand Research Project: Final Analysis”. www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/59105/energy-demand-research-project-final-analysis.pdf
Allcott, H. (2010): Social norms and energy conservation, Journal of Public Economics.
Carroll, J., S. Lyons and E. Denny (2013): “Reducing Electricity Demand through Smart Metering: The Role of Improved Household Knowledge”, Trinity Economics Papers. www.tcd.ie/Economics/TEP/2013/TEP0313.pdf
Christiansen, E., A. M. Kanstrup, A. Grønhøj, A. Larsen (2009): Elforbrug på e-mail & sms: Rapport om 22 husholdningers erfaringer efter et års feedback.
Darby, S. (2006): The effectiveness of feedback on energy consumption. A review for DEFRA of the literature on metering, billing and direct displays. Oxford University.
Darby, S. et al (2011): Large-scale testing of new technology: some lessons from the UK smart metering and feedback trials. ECEEE.
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EPRI (2009): Residential Electricity Use Feedback: A Research Synthesis and Economic Framework. Final report. Electric Power Research Institute.
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Kathryn Buchanan, Riccardo Russo, Ben Anderson (2015): The question of energy reduction: The problem(s) with feedback. Energy Policy, Volume 77, Pages 89–96.
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Morgenstern P., Lowe, R., Lai Fong Chiu (2015): Heat metering: socio-technical challenges in district-heated social housing. Building Research and Information, 43., 197-209.
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