Ea Energy Analyses has analysed the schemes for white certificates in the UK, France and Italy. The aim was to examine what Denmark can learn from these countries if the Danish Government should wish to introduce white certificates as a means to implement greater energy efficiency.
Both the UK, France and Italy have several years of experience in using white certificates. France and Italy have real negotiable white certificates which are freely tradable, whilst the UK has a system of trading of obligations to realise energy savings between obligated parties.
Our analysis has shown that:
It is debatable which experience from the three countries’ white certificates schemes could be beneficial for Denmark to implement. This should be determined on the basis of a political assessment, and the results of the coming evaluation of the Danish energy efficiency initiatives should be taken into consideration.