Balmorel: Power system model | March 2016 - December 2018

The use of gas in the energy system has a number of advantages. It is an efficient and highly flexible fuel to utilise. Characterised by high ramping rates, it can be used by a wide number of applications, including industrial processes, CHP and transportation, and it is fairly easy to store. Additionally, the climate impact is limited with low carbon emissions from natural gas and non-existent or even negative from gas based on renewable sources. Thus, gas is an excellent fuel for facilitating the challenging transition towards an energy system independent of fossil fuels in the long run.

FutureGas was a research project including all major stakeholders of the Danish gas industry, and the main purpose was to contribute to growth and green transition through interdisciplinary and coordinated research across the gas sector.

The goal was to stimulate:

  • an efficient and economical supply of gas – including gas based on renewable sources
  • an appropriate and flexible use of these gases
  • an optimal integration of gas in the overall energy system.

As a key part of the project, the Danish energy system models were further developed by including the comprehensive gas system, integration of green gas technologies, storage and smart use of gas, and national and international transmission links. Furthermore, the development in the gas market and the economic regulation of gas in Denmark and EU were researched.

Ea Energy Analyses contributed with developing the modelling and integration of gas in the energy system.

Besides Ea Energy Analyses, the research project had the following participants:

  • DTU Management Engineering, Systems Analysis division
  • Aarhus University, Department of Engineering, Manure Treatment and Biogas group
  • Chalmers University, Sweden
  • Exeter University, UK
  • Florence School of Regulation, Italy
  • Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
  • Danish Gas Technology Centre
  • HMN Naturgas
  • Danish Energy Association
  • DONG Energy
  • NGF Nature Energy
  • RAM-Løse EDB
  • Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
  • PlanEnergi
  • Energinet.dk
  • The Danish Energy Agency

The project started in March 2016 and ran until the end of 2018.