Reducing greenhouse gas emissions towards 2030 – possibilities and costs

Denmark | November 2019 - March 2020

Ea Energy Analyses has assisted the climate partnership for the energy and supply sector with an analysis of several initiatives for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Denmark towards 2030. The overall goal of the initiatives was to support the 70% target of the government, and at the same time point towards a pathway to a carbon neutral energy system by 2050.

The work includes an estimation of the potential for greenhouse gas reductions and the associated socio-economic costs and is based on earlier work for the Confederation of Danish Industry. Updates and additional calculations focus on:

  • potentials for production of electro fuels (PtX)
  • 1.5 million electrical passenger cars and 160.000 electrical light duty vehicles by 2030
  • the potential for electrification in offroad transport used in farming, fishing, building and industry
  • the potential for CCS
  • expanding the biogas production
  • reducing the use of coal in the industry
  • energy savings in the usage of electricity and district heating.

The impacts of the measures are compared against a baseline without the initiatives. A long-term perspective towards a fossil-free energy system in 2050 was taken into account, meaning that the initiatives neither stop nor complicate the long-term transition, but paves the road towards a fossil free energy system.

The project was carried out from November 2019 to March 2020 for lobby organisation Danish Energy.