In the spring of 2019, Energifonden started the project “Phasing out natural gas for indoor heating”. The Danish Parliament jointly agreed on an energy agreement in June 2018, which established that Denmark will work towards a goal of zero emission of climate gasses in 2050 at the latest. Based on that, Energifonden wanted to contribute to a strategy for phasing out natural gas for indoor heating. Two scenarios have been defined, with phasing out in either 2030 or 2040.
The project has been carried out by Ea Energy Analyses in cooperation with Marketminds, and the work was led by a steering committee consisting of the following members:
Natural gas is used for indoor heating in homes, in the trade and service sectors and in industry. The project has focused on homes and the trade and service sectors only.
The method of analysis in the project can be divided into three main elements overall: i) selection of possible sustainable energy alternatives to natural gas for indoor heating, ii) calculation of the socioeconomic optimum (the optimal socioeconomic heat supply provided a 100% phasing out of natural gas) in 2030 and 2040 respectively, and iii) analysis of instruments for phasing out.